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Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)

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  • Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)

Dropping of the Atomic Bomb and miraculous survival of the Dome

Dropping of the Atomic Bomb and miraculous survival of the Dome Dropping of the Atomic Bomb and miraculous survival of the Dome

The Genbaku Dome in Hiroshima Prefecture is a famous monument to the memory of war. This modern building, designed by Czech architect Jan Letzel, was originally the Hiroshima Prefectural Industrial Promotional Hall (before that, known as the Hiroshima Prefectural Products Exhibition Hall).
However, on August 6, 1945, an Atomic Bomb was dropped by the US Army and this building also underwent the bitter experience of this event.
The fierce blast and heat instantly killed everyone in the building, but through some miracle the main building with a dome roof survived, leaving it standing, with girders bared.

Conveying war memories today through rarely seen negative cultural heritage

Conveying war memories today through rarely seen negative cultural heritage Conveying war memories today through rarely seen negative cultural heritage

This building has since become known as Genbaku Dome, or A-Bomb Dome. The Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima city killed 140,000 people in an instant, and counting those who died from the aftereffects of radiation, it is believed 200,000 people lost their lives in total.
The people of Hiroshima and the Hiroshima city office strongly felt that this memory of war must not be forgotten, so they began working to preserve the Genbaku Dome.
This led in 1996 to it being listed as a World Heritage site, as “Not only is it a stark and powerful symbol of the most destructive force ever created by humankind, it also expresses the hope for world peace and the ultimate elimination of all nuclear weapons”.
This type of site is referred to as negative cultural heritage, and other examples include the Island of Goree, Senegal, the largest slave-trading center of the African coast, Auschwitz Birkenau, Poland where Jewish genocide took place in the Second World War, and the Bikini Atoll Nuclear Test Site, the Marshall Islands, where the US carried out a series of nuclear tests during the Cold War.

Data

Site : Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)
Location : Hiroshima Prefecture
Date of Inscription : 1996
Criteria : (vi)
Property : 0.40 ha
Buffer zone : 43 ha

The official website of The World Heritage Centre
"Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)"
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/775

Location map

No. Heritage Assets
1 Hiroshima Peace Memorial (Genbaku Dome)
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