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Shrines and Temples of Nikko

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The World Heritage of two shrines, one temple, and 103 cultural assets

The World Heritage of two shrines, one temple, and 103 cultural assetsThe World Heritage of two shrines, one temple, and 103 cultural assets

The World Heritage site, The Shrines and Temples of Nikko in Tochigi Prefecture is renowned for its stunningly beautifully Edo period decorative architecture. This is the collective term for the temples and associated structures that are located in Nikko city. The two shrines refer to Tosho-gu Shrine, in which the founder of the Tokugawa Shogunate, Tokugawa Ieyasu is enshrined, and Futarasan Shrine, the original sacred place founded by the monk Shodo Shonin for mountain worship, and the temple refers to Rinno-ji Temple, part of the Tiantai school of Buddhism.
These are surrounded by 103 buildings (9 National Treasures and 94 important cultural assets) as well as many culture landscapes (remains), and all of these components were designated as World Heritage.
The unique form of belief that was fostered through a merging of Buddhism and Shinto led to this site being designated as World Heritage in 1999.

The essence of Edo culture---The luxury buildings built by genuine artists

The essence of Edo culture---The luxury buildings built by genuine artists

Many of the structures, created by prodigious artists representative of 17th century Japan, such as the Japanese painter Kano Tan’yu and master carpenter Kora Bungo Munehiro, are the epitome of grandeur.
That beauty gave rise to the saying that you have not seen everything until you have seen Nikko.
The construction of Rinno-ji Temple and the main shrine at Toshu-gu Shrine mark the zenith of gongen-zukuri, a form of early modern religious architecture in Japan, and had a huge impact on the shrine architecture that followed.
Additionally, the Shrines and Temples of Nikko where the mausoleum of Tokugawa Ieyasu is located, played a historical role in supporting the political system of the Tokugawa Shogunate, and as such is recognized as being directly or tangibly associated with events or living traditions, with ideas, or with beliefs, with artistic and literary works of outstanding universal significance.
Together with the surrounding expansive natural environment, including Mt. Nantai and the Kegon Falls, Nikko continues to be the most loved tourist spot in Japan.

Data

Site : Shrines and Temples of Nikko
Location : Tochigi Prefecture
Date of Inscription : 1999
Criteria : (i) (iv) (vi)
Property : 51 ha
Buffer zone : 373 ha

The official website of The World Heritage Centre
"Shrines and Temples of Nikko"
http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/913

Nikko Toshogu shrie

English website of Nikko Toshogu shrine
https://www.toshogu.jp/english/

Nikkozan Rinnoji Temple

Nikko Futarasan-jinja Shrine

Location map

No. Heritage Assets
1 Nikko Toshogu
2 Nikko Futarasan-Jinja
3 Nikkozan Rinno-ji Temple
4 Taiyuuin Mausoleum
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